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  • Injongo eqinileyo kunye nokufezekisa ikamva ngezinto ezintsha - Uphononongo kunye neThemba leshishini lezinto zasekhaya laseTshayina ngo-2021

    China Household Appliances Association

    Ngo-2021, impembelelo yobhubhani we-COVID-19 iqhubekile.Ishishini lezixhobo zombane liye lajongana nemiceli mngeni emininzi, efana nemfuno yemalike yasekhaya ephantsi, ukunyuka kwamaxabiso ezinto eziphathekayo, ukunyuka kweendleko zolungiselelo lwamazwe ngamazwe, ukuvaleka kwekhonkco lokubonelela, kunye noxabiso lwerenminbi.Nangona kunjalo, ishishini lezixhobo zasekhaya laseTshayina lazoyisa iingxaki kwaye laqhubela phambili, libonisa ukomelela olomeleleyo kuphuhliso.Ingeniso yeshishini eliphambili lonyaka liphumelele ukukhula ngokukhawuleza, ngakumbi umthamo wokuthunyelwa kwempahla kumazwe angaphandle ungaphaya kwe-100 yeebhiliyoni zeerandi.Ushishino lwezixhobo zekhaya laseTshayina lubambelela kwindlela yophuhliso olukumgangatho ophezulu kwaye luhamba ngokuqinileyo kwinjongo yokuba “yinkokeli kuphuhliso lwehlabathi lwezixhobo zasekhaya zenzululwazi nobuchwepheshe”.

    Ukukhula okuthe gqolo ebunzimeni, okuqhutywa ziindidi ezintsha

    Ukusebenza komzi mveliso wezixhobo zendlu yaseTshayina ngo-2021 kuneempawu ezininzi:

    1.Ingeniso yeshishini iphumelele ukukhula ngokukhawuleza.Ingeniso yeshishini eliphambili kushishino lwezixhobo zekhaya ngo-2021 yayiyi-1.73 yetriliyoni yeyuan, ukunyuka konyaka-ngonyaka nge-15.5%, ikakhulu iqhutywa sisiseko esisezantsi kwangexesha elifanayo lika-2020 kunye nokuthunyelwa kwamanye amazwe.

    I-2.Izinga lokukhula kwenzuzo laliphantsi kakhulu kunengeniso, kunye nenzuzo ye-121.8 yebhiliyoni ye-yuan, ukunyuka konyaka-ngonyaka kwe-4.5%.Izinto ezininzi ezifana nemathiriyeli ekrwada yobuninzi, ukuthunyelwa kwenqanawa kunye nezinga lonaniselwano libe nefuthe elibi kwingeniso yeshishini.

    3.Imarike yasekhaya ithe tyaba, kwaye ukukhula kweemarike zeemveliso zemveli kubuthathaka, kodwa kukho iimbalasane ezininzi, ezibonakala kuhlaziyo oluqhubekayo lwesakhiwo semveliso kunye nokuthandwa kwezixhobo zekhaya zemveli ezikumgangatho ophezulu kwimarike;Ukongezelela, izixhobo zokucoca iimpahla, izitofu ezidibeneyo, i-dishwashers, i-floor washers, iirobhothi zokutshayela umgangatho kunye nezinye iindidi ezivelayo zikhula ngokukhawuleza.

    4.Izinto ezithunyelwa ngaphandle ziyanda.Izinto eziluncedo kulo lonke ikhonkco loshishino lweshishini lasekhaya laseTshayina, lidityaniswa nokunyuka kwemfuno ye-ofisi yasekhaya kwihlabathi liphela kunye nesiphumo sokutshintshwa kwemveliso yaseTshayina, zigcine ii-odolo zokuthumela ngaphandle zamashishini ezixhobo zasekhaya zigcwele.Idatha ye-Customs ibonisa ukuba ngo-2021, i-China ye-appliance industry yasekhaya yaqhekeza i-100 yezigidigidi yamanqaku okokuqala, yafikelela kwi-104.4 yeebhiliyoni zeedola, ukunyuka konyaka-ngonyaka kwe-24.7%.

    Thatha uxinzelelo kathathu kwangaphambili

    Ubhubhani wehlabathi usanwenwa, kwaye impumelelo egqwesileyo yenziwe kuthintelo nolawulo lwendyikityha yasekhaya, kodwa uqhambuko oluphinda-phindayo olungephi kunye nolwenzeka rhoqo lusenefuthe kwisingqi sokuvuselela uqoqosho lwasekhaya.Uxinzelelo oluphindwe kathathu lokuhla kwemfuno, ukubonelela umothuko kunye nolindelo olubuthathaka oluchazwe kwinkomfa yomsebenzi woqoqosho oluphambili ngo-2021 lukhona kushishino lwezixhobo zekhaya.

    Uxinzelelo lokunciphisa imfuno: imfuno yemarike yasekhaya ibuthathaka, kwaye kukho ukukhula kokubuyisela kuphela kwikota yokuqala ye-2021. Ukususela kwisiqingatha sesibini sonyaka, izinga lokukhula liye lancipha kakhulu, kwaye ukusetyenziswa kwezixhobo zendlu ngokucacileyo phantsi koxinzelelo. .Ngokutsho kwedatha ye-Aowei, isikali sokuthengisa kwimarike yezixhobo zasekhaya ngo-2021 yayiyi-760.3 yeebhiliyoni zeeyuan, ukunyuka konyaka-ngonyaka nge-3.6%, kodwa yehle nge-7.4% xa kuthelekiswa no-2019. Okwangoku, ubhubhani wasekhaya uphindaphindwe ixesha nexesha, kwaye uthintelo kunye nolawulo uye wangena ngokuqhelekileyo, echaphazela ukuziphatha kwabathengi kunye nokuzithemba.

    Uxinzelelo loxinzelelo lonikezelo: ubhubhane ukhokelele ekuthinteleni ikhonkco lokubonelela ngehlabathi, amaxabiso aphezulu ezinto ezikrwada kunye nokuthumela ngenqanawa, ukusetyenziswa ngokungqongqo kombane wemizi-mveliso, kunye nefuthe lokuxabisa i-RMB.Ukukhula kwengeniso kunye neengeniso kuninzi lwamashishini ezixhobo zombane zasemakhaya kwehlile, ingeniso iye yacinezelwa ngakumbi, kwaye nokunyuka kwamaxabiso ezinto ezikrwada kuye kwacotha kutsha nje.

    Uxinzelelo olulindelekileyo olubuthathaka: ukususela kwikota yesithathu ka-2021, ukukhula koqoqosho lwangaphakathi, ngakumbi ukukhula kokusetyenziswa, kubonise iimpawu zokuhla.Kwangaxeshanye, ngokuchacha okucothayo koqoqosho lwehlabathi, ukuncitshiswa kwemiyalelo yokudluliselwa, isantya sokukhula kokuthunyelwa kwempahla yasekhaya kumazwe angaphandle kwehle inyanga nenyanga, kwaye ukusebenza kwezixhobo zekhaya kubonise umkhwa ophezulu ngaphambili naphantsi emva koko.Ngo-2022, emva kweminyaka emibini yokukhula okuphezulu, imfuno yamazwe ngamazwe ayiqinisekanga.

    Ekuqaleni kuka-2022, impembelelo yobhubhane isaqhuba.Lo bhubhani iminyaka emibini ilandelelana ube nempembelelo enkulu kumashishini amaninzi.Ukusebenza kwamashishini amaninzi, ngakumbi amashishini amancinci naphakathi, kunzima, ingeniso yabahlali iyachaphazeleka, amandla okusebenzisa ayancipha, ukuzithemba kokusetyenziswa akwanelanga, kwaye uxinzelelo lokusetyenziswa kwemfuno kwimarike yasekhaya isenkulu.Nangona uMbutho wezeMpilo weHlabathi kunye neengcali ezithile zothintelo lobhubhane kutshanje zivakalise inqanaba elithile lethemba malunga nokuphelisa ubhubhane ngo-2022, kusekho ukungaqiniseki malunga nokuba lo bhubhani ungaphela ngokukhawuleza, kwaye ishishini kufuneka lilungele ukujongana nobunzima obahlukeneyo. .

    Ukuthunyelwa komsebenzi kwi-2022, inkomfa yomsebenzi wezoqoqosho ephakathi ecetywayo ukuba igxininise ukuzinzisa imarike ye-macro-economic, ukuqhubeka nokwenza umsebenzi omhle emsebenzini "wozinzo ezithandathu" kunye "neziqinisekiso ezintandathu", qhubeka nokuphumeza ukucuthwa kwerhafu entsha kunye ukucuthwa kwemirhumo yezifundo zemakethi, ukwenza nzulu uhlaziyo kwimimandla engundoqo, ukuvuselela amandla orhwebo kunye namandla okuqhubela phambili okuqhubela phambili kuphuhliso, kunye nokusebenzisa iindlela ezijolise kwimarike ukuvuselela utyalo-mali olutsha lweshishini.Ukuze kuphunyezwe umoya wale ntlanganiso, iKomishoni yoPhuhliso noHlaziyo yesizwe kutshanje ikhuphe isaziso sokwenza umsebenzi omhle ekukhuthazeni ukusetyenziswa kwemveliso kwixesha elizayo elingekude, ixhasa amashishini afana nezixhobo zendlu kunye nefenitshala ukuba enze imisebenzi “yokutshintsha izinto ezindala. ngentsha” kunye “nokutshintsha esidala kufakwe esilahliweyo”, ukomeleza ukwazisa nokutolika umgangatho wobomi benkonzo ekhuselekileyo yezixhobo zekhaya, nokukhuthaza uhlaziyo olunengqiqo lwezixhobo zekhaya.UMphathiswa wezoShishino kunye nobuchwephesha bolwazi ukhuphe isikhokelo sokukhawulezisa ukwakhiwa kwenkqubo yoshishino lokukhanya lwale mihla (Iidrafti zamagqabaza), ukukhuthaza impumelelo engundoqo yetekhnoloji, ukuveliswa kwemveliso kunye nokuphuculwa, ukuguqulwa kwedijithali kunye nokukhuthaza ukusetyenziswa kwezixhobo zekhaya eziluhlaza kwisixhobo sasekhaya. ishishini.Sikholelwa ukuba ngokuphunyezwa kwemigaqo-nkqubo "yokufuna inkqubela ngelixa kugcinwa uzinzo" kwinkomfa yomsebenzi wezoqoqosho, uxinzelelo oluphindwe kathathu kulindeleke ukuba luthotywe ngo-2022.

    Kuphuhliso lwamashishini ngo-2022, sicinga ukuba kufuneka sinikele ingqalelo kula manqaku mathathu alandelayo.Okokuqala, ukusuka ekukhuleni okukhawulezayo kweemveliso ezifana noomatshini bokuhlamba umgangatho ngo-2021, akunzima ukufumanisa ukuba naphantsi kwemeko yoxinzelelo olukhulu olusezantsi, imfuno yemarike eqhutywa ngamacandelo amatsha kunye nobuchwepheshe obutsha busenamandla.Amashishini kufuneka aqhubeke eqinisa ukutsha kweteknoloji, ukufunda imfuno yabathengi kunye neentlungu zokusetyenziswa, kunye nokufaka rhoqo amandla amatsha kuphuhliso lwamashishini.Okwesibini, ngo-2021, ukuthunyelwa kwempahla kumazwe angaphandle kugqithise kwi-100 yeebhiliyoni zeerandi kwaye yema kwindawo ephezulu iminyaka emibini ilandelelana.Kulindeleke ukuba kuya kuba nzima ukuqhubeka nokusebenza kwinqanaba eliphezulu ngo-2022, kwaye uxinzelelo oluphantsi luya kunyuka.Amashishini kufuneka alumke ngakumbi kuyilo lwawo.Okwesithathu, nikela ingqalelo kwindlela entsha yophuhliso yokukhuthazana kwemijikelo ephindwe kabini yasekhaya neyamazwe ngamazwe.Ukuchuma okuqhubekayo kwemarike yabathengi basekhaya kwiminyaka yakutshanje kukhokelele amashishini athile ebefudula egxile ekuthengiseni kumazwe angaphandle ukuba aguqukele kwimarike yasekhaya.Nangona kunjalo, kufuneka kuqatshelwe ukuba ishishini lezixhobo zasekhaya laseTshayina lenze umthamo omkhulu osasaza intengiso yehlabathi ukuza kuthi ga ngoku.Ukugxila kuphela kwimarike enye ayikwazi ukuhlangabezana nophuhliso oluzinzileyo lweshishini.Ngeli xesha, kufuneka sinikele ingqalelo ekhethekileyo kwingcamango yophuhliso lokujikeleza kabini kwasekhaya nakwamanye amazwe.

    Ithemba lekamva eliqaqambileyo ngokwenza izinto ezintsha

    Akufunekanga sijongane kuphela nobunzima kunye nemingeni, kodwa someleze ukuzithemba kwethu.Ekuhambeni kwexesha, uqoqosho lwaseTshayina luqina, kwaye izinto ezisisiseko zokuphucula ixesha elide aziyi kutshintsha.Ngexesha “lesicwangciso seminyaka emihlanu”, umjikelo omtsha wenguqu kwezenzululwazi nobuchwepheshe kunye nohlaziyo lwemizimveliso luphuhliswe nzulu.Ubuchwephesha obutsha buya kukhuthaza utshintsho olukhulu kwishishini lemveli lemveliso, ukukhawulezisa isantya sokwenziwa kwezinto ezintsha kushishino, kuveza iimpawu zokwahlulwa kunye nobuntu kwimarike yabathengi, kwaye kukho amathuba amatsha ophuhliso ophuhliso loshishino lwezixhobo zasekhaya.

    1.Okokuqala, ukuveliswa kwezinto ezintsha kwezenzululwazi kunye nobuchwepheshe kuya kuphucula ukukhuphisana kushishino lwezixhobo zasekhaya zaseTshayina.Utshintsho lwezeNzululwazi kunye nobuchwepheshe yeyona ndlela yodwa yoshishino lwezixhobo zasekhaya laseTshayina ukufikelela kuphuhliso olukumgangatho ophezulu.Umzi-mveliso wezixhobo zekhaya waseTshayina uzama ukomeleza uphando olusisiseko kunye nokuveliswa kwezinto ezintsha, kunye nokwakha inkqubo yokuvelisa izinto ezintsha esekelwe kurhwebo lwehlabathi kunye neemfuno zabasebenzisi;Zama ukuphucula amandla okusungula okusebenzisanayo kwikhonkco lemizi-mveliso, wenze impumelelo kwiitekhnoloji ezingundoqo kunye nobuchwepheshe obuphambili, kwaye woyise ibhodi emfutshane kunye neteknoloji "yentamo".

    2.Okwesibini, ukusetyenziswa kuthanda ukuba yimfashini, ubukrelekrele, ukonwaba kunye nempilo, kwaye iindidi ezivelayo ziya kuqhubeka nokunyuka.Kwixesha eliphakathi nelide, ukuphucuka ngakumbi kwezinga lokufudukela kwabantu ezidolophini eTshayina, ukukhuthazwa okukhawulezileyo komgaqo-nkqubo wempumelelo efanayo kunye nokwandiswa kwentlalo-ntle yoluntu efana nepenshini kunye ne-inshurensi yezonyango kuya kubonelela ngenkxaso ekukhuleni kokusetyenziswa kweTshayina.Ngaphantsi kwendlela eqhelekileyo yokuphucula ukusetyenziswa, umgangatho ophezulu, owenzelwe umntu, usefashonini, ukhululekile, unengqondo, usempilweni kunye nezinye iindidi ezivelayo kunye nezisombululo ezihambelana ngokuchanekileyo neemfuno zabantu abahlulwe ngokwesayensi kunye nobuchwepheshe kunye nophando lwabathengi luya kukhula ngokukhawuleza kwaye amandla okuqhuba aqhuba imarike yabathengi.

    3.Okwesithathu, ukwanda kwehlabathi jikelele kweshishini lezixhobo zekhaya laseTshayina lijongene namathuba amatsha ophuhliso.Ubhubhani kunye nemeko-bume yorhwebo entsonkothileyo neguquguqukayo izise ukungaqiniseki okuninzi kuphuhliso loqoqosho kwaye ibe nefuthe kwikhonkco lemizi-mveliso yehlabathi langoku kunye nokubonelela ngeenkonzo.Nangona kunjalo, ngophuculo olongezelelweyo lwesakhono sokwenza izinto ezintsha zetekhnoloji kwishishini lezixhobo zasekhaya laseTshayina, inkqubo epheleleyo yobonelelo lwenkqubo yobonelelo lweshishini, iingenelo eziphambili zenguqu yobukrelekrele kunye nedijithali, kunye nokukwazi ukusebenzisa ukuqonda okuxhomekeke kubuchwepheshe obutsha kuya kunceda ukwandisa impembelelo Iibrendi zezixhobo zasekhaya zaseTshayina kwimarike yehlabathi.

    4.Okwesine, ikhonkco loshishino lwezixhobo zasekhaya liya kuguqulwa ngokubanzi libe luhlaza kunye nekhabhoni ephantsi.I-China ifake incopho yekhabhoni kunye ne-carbon neutralization kuyilo lonke lolwakhiwo lwempucuko yendalo.Ngelixa uhlangabezana nemfuno yabathengi, ishishini lezixhobo zendlu kufuneka liguqule ngokupheleleyo libe kuluhlaza kunye nekhabhoni ephantsi ngokwesakhiwo semizi-mveliso, ubume bemveliso kunye nemo yenkonzo.Kwelinye icala, ngeteknoloji kunye nolawulo lokusungula izinto ezintsha, ukuphucula inkqubo yokuvelisa uhlaza kunye nokuqaphela ukugcinwa kwamandla, ukunciphisa ukukhutshwa kunye nokunciphisa ikhabhoni kuyo yonke inkqubo;Ngakolunye uhlangothi, ngokuqhubekayo ngokutsha, ukwandisa unikezelo olusebenzayo lweemveliso eziluhlaza kunye nekhabhoni ephantsi, thethelela ingcamango yokusetyenziswa kwekhabhoni eluhlaza kunye ne-low-carbon, kwaye uncede indlela yokuphila eluhlaza kunye ne-low-carbon.

    5.Okwesihlanu, ishishini lezixhobo zasekhaya liya kukhawulezisa ukuguqulwa kwedijithali kwaye liphucule ngakumbi inqanaba lokwenziwa kwezinto ezikrelekrele.Ukudityaniswa okunzulu kunye ne-5g, ubukrelekrele bokwenziwa, idatha enkulu, i-edge computing kunye nobunye ubugcisa obutsha ukuze kuphunyezwe uphuculo olubanzi kulawulo, ukusebenza kakuhle kunye nomgangatho lisikhokelo sophuhliso loshishino lwezixhobo zasekhaya kunye nenye yeenjongo “zesicwangciso seminyaka emihlanu ye-14” ye ishishini.Okwangoku, ukuphuculwa kunye nokuguqulwa kokwenziwa ngobukrelekrele kwamashishini ezixhobo zekhaya kuhambela phambili ngokukhawuleza.

    Kwizimvo ezikhokelayo kuphuhliso loshishino lwezixhobo zendlu yaseTshayina ngexesha le-14 leminyaka emihlanu yeSicwangciso, iChina Household Appliance Association iphakamise ukuba eyona njongo yophuhliso yoshishino lwezixhobo zendlu yaseTshayina kwisithuba se-14 seminyaka emihlanu kukuphucula ngokuqhubekayo ukhuphiswano lwehlabathi. ukusungula izinto ezintsha kunye nempembelelo yoshishino, kwaye ube yinkokeli kwisayensi yezixhobo zendlu yehlabathi kunye neteknoloji entsha ngo-2025. Ngaphandle kwazo zonke iintlobo zobunzima obungalindelekanga kunye nemiceli mngeni, sikholelwa ngokuqinileyo ukuba lo gama sinokuzithemba okuqinileyo kwaye sibambelela kwizinto ezintsha eziqhutywayo, inguqu kunye nemingeni. ukuphucula, siya kuzifezekisa iinjongo zethu.

     

    China Household Appliances Association

    NgoFebruwari 2022


    Ixesha lokuposa: Feb-17-2022